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Cholesterol and CAD

Coronary artery disease (CAD)¬†occurs when the inside (the lumen) of one or more coronary arteries narrows, limiting the flow of oxygen-rich blood to surrounding heart muscle tissue.¬†Atherosclerosis is the process that causes the artery wall to get thick and stiff. It can lead to complete blockage of the artery, which can cause a heart attack. […]

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Valve Stenosis

Stenosis literally means narrowing. When heart valves are stenotic, they do not fully open and the passageway for blood flow is narrowed. And sometimes valves with stenosis do not close properly, allowing blood to flow backwards (regurgitate). Stenotic heart valves cause the heart to work harder, trying to pump blood through a smaller opening. Stenosis […]

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